Security guards are like the private arm of the State Police. This means that while the police officer is an official authorized by law for the protection of lives and properties, the security guard on the other hand is a licensed individual permitted to safeguard lives and properties. 

By law, the powers of a security guard are limited, the extent to its limit is dependent on local laws of the given state. Although, some categories of guards are armed just like the police. It doesn’t change that there are things that a guard can lawfully do and there are things that a guard cannot lawfully do 


In as much as the security guard is also a civilian. It is within the legal powers of guards to detain a civilian, especially when there are suspicions that some form of felonies or crime has been committed by the civilian. However, detaining a civilian is only until investigations have been concluded in-house and the detained person is found guilty or not. Once found guilty, the guard invites the police for a legal arrest. 

Walk Offenders Out

Another core legal power of a security guard is the license to walk you out of premises. Once a guard finds a person disturbing, trespassing, constitutes a nuisance, or committing such things against the rules and policies of a place, the guard has the right to walk such persons out. 

Serve Banning Notice

Depending on the nature of the civilian offense, the security guard can serve anyone a banning notice. Ideally, the essence of a banning notice is to keep a person who is found to be trespassing or seen as a threat off a premise or an environment. 

Use Legal Force

While discharging his duty of protecting lives and properties in a given place, a security guard has the green light to use legal force in situations where lives are threatened. Especially in a case that calls for defense or an offender is resisting first arrest. 

Having identified these things that a security guard has the legal power to do, what are those things a security guard has no legal power to do?